• A habitat is a place where an organism (plant or animal) lives.  Habitats are also places where groups of organisms live.  Habitats are areas that have everything that animals need to survive, this includes water, food, shelter from predators and what they need to nest or breed.  Different plants and animals need different habitats.
  • Wetlands occur in many different forms including ponds, lakes, rivers and marshlands. They are incredibly important areas for many of Britain’s most endangered and threatened species, as they provide many sources of food, fresh water and shelter for nesting and breeding.
  • Wetland birds either live in wetlands all year round or migrate to them for the Summer months. Here they can feed on insects, fish and aquatic plants and bring up their young on the ground safe from predators like foxes, cats and dogs.
  • Many insects like dragonflies and damselflies, lay their eggs in water where their young will grow as larvae and nymphs before going through metamorphosis to become adults.
  • Wetlands are also an incredibly important habitat for endangered mammals like the otter and water vole.
  • Wetlands, also play an important role for humans, cleaning water, protecting us from flooding and providing water during dry periods.
  • Wetlands occur in many different forms including ponds, lakes, rivers and marshlands. They are incredibly important areas for many of Britain’s most endangered and threatened species, as they provide many sources of food, fresh water and shelter for nesting and breeding.
  • Wetland birds either live in wetlands all year round or migrate to them for the Summer months. Here they can feed on insects, fish and aquatic plants and bring up their young on the ground safe from predators like foxes, cats and dogs.
  • Many insects like dragonflies and damselflies, lay their eggs in water where their young will grow as larvae and nymphs before going through metamorphosis to become adults.
  • Wetlands are also an incredibly important habitat for endangered mammals like the otter and water vole.
  • Wetlands, also play an important role for humans, cleaning water, protecting us from flooding and providing water during dry periods.
  • Wetland creatures like minibeasts, fish, birds and amphibians need fresh, clean water to be able to survive.
  • Chemicals used on farmland often run off the land into fresh water supplies.  This leads to aquatic plants like algae growing very quickly and then decomposing.  When they decompose, they create a green sludge that poisons the water, killing off fish and minibeasts, which are an important food source for other animals like birds and mammals.
  • Further pollution has come from industries that have dumped pollution straight into wetlands like rivers. Over the years many marshlands have been drained to make more space for farmland and to build houses, which has greatly reduced the number of wetlands across Britain.
  • Wetland bogs are also cut to get peat.  Peat is great for growing plants, however too much is taken away, and it takes literally thousands of years to make, so it’s difficult for the habitat to regrow.
  • Wetland creatures like minibeasts, fish, birds and amphibians need fresh, clean water to be able to survive.
  • Chemicals used on farmland often run off the land into fresh water supplies.  This leads to aquatic plants like algae growing very quickly and then decomposing.  When they decompose, they create a green sludge that poisons the water, killing off fish and minibeasts, which are an important food source for other animals like birds and mammals.
  • Further pollution has come from industries that have dumped pollution straight into wetlands like rivers. Over the years many marshlands have been drained to make more space for farmland and to build houses, which has greatly reduced the number of wetlands across Britain.
  • Wetland bogs are also cut to get peat.  Peat is great for growing plants, however too much is taken away, and it takes literally thousands of years to make, so it’s difficult for the habitat to regrow.
  • You can support organisations like the Wildfowl & Wetland Trust (WWT) who are working to reintroduce wetlands across Britain.  This is particularly important for supporting some of our most endangered species, but it also helps humans, as healthy wetlands help to protect us from flooding.  See if there is Wetland centre near you that you can visit.
  • You can also help by reducing the amount of water you use.  Take showers rather than baths.  Wash food in bowls rather than running taps and turn off your tap when you brush your teeth.
  • Finally, make sure that you buy peat-free products for your garden, especially plants that have not been grown in peat.
  • You can support organisations like the Wildfowl & Wetland Trust (WWT) who are working to reintroduce wetlands across Britain.  This is particularly important for supporting some of our most endangered species, but it also helps humans, as healthy wetlands help to protect us from flooding.  See if there is Wetland centre near you that you can visit.
  • You can also help by reducing the amount of water you use.  Take showers rather than baths.  Wash food in bowls rather than running taps and turn off your tap when you brush your teeth.
  • Finally, make sure that you buy peat-free products for your garden, especially plants that have not been grown in peat.