A habitat is a place where an organism (plant or animal) lives. Habitats are also places where groups of organisms live. Habitats have everything that animals needs to survive, this includes water, food, shelter from predators and what they need to nest or breed.

  • Humans have been farming all over the world for thousands of years. To begin with, the land was cleared of forests for animals to graze on, but over time humans introduced hedgerows to create fields of crops and grow fruit trees, called orchards.  Many animals thrive in this habitat.
  • Birds make their homes in hedges and feed on the seeds, crops and fruit found in fields and orchards.
  • Insects make use of old trees in orchards, collect food from flowers growing in hedges and feed on lay their eggs on leaves from hedges and trees, all of which are very important for pollinating insects.
  • Mammals like deer and hares feed on the grass found on pastures, as well as on the seeds and fruit found on farmers’ fields and orchards.
  • Humans have been farming all over the world for thousands of years. To begin with, the land was cleared of forests for animals to graze on, but over time humans introduced hedgerows to create fields of crops and grow fruit trees, called orchards.  Many animals thrive in this habitat.
  • Birds make their homes in hedges and feed on the seeds, crops and fruit found in fields and orchards.
  • Insects make use of old trees in orchards, collect food from flowers growing in hedges and feed on lay their eggs on leaves from hedges and trees, all of which are very important for pollinating insects.
  • Mammals like deer and hares feed on the grass found on pastures, as well as on the seeds and fruit found on farmers’ fields and orchards.
  • Farmland used to be linked to other habitats such as forests, meadows and heaths which meant it was easier for animals to move from one area to another. This is particularly important for animals that rely on different
    habitats to survive.
  • Many birds will use one habitat for food and water, and a different habitat for nesting and breeding.  However, as towns and cities have grown there is now less wild land around farmland for species to thrive in.
  • There has also been a need to grow more food for humans as the human population has increased, this means that farmland has had to grow more crops and graze more animals leaving even fewer wild areas for animals and plants in which to thrive.  Farmers have also cut down hedges in order to make more space, taking away a valuable source of shelter and food for animals.
  • Finally, to make harvests more successful farmers have made more use of chemicals to kill insects and to stop weeds from growing around their crops. This has had a really bad effect on pollinating insects which are a super-important part of the food chain.
  • The best thing you can do is to learn about where your food comes from.  Many farmers are now reintroducing hedges and wild areas around their fields to encourage and help endangered species.  Organic farms also use far fewer chemicals to grow their crops. By buying your food from these farmers you are helping them to stay in business and make more money, which will encourage other farmers to follow their example.
  • The best thing you can do is to learn about where your food comes from.  Many farmers are now reintroducing hedges and wild areas around their fields to encourage and help endangered species.  Organic farms also use far fewer chemicals to grow their crops. By buying your food from these farmers you are helping them to stay in business and make more money, which will encourage other farmers to follow their example.